Posts tagged ‘economics’
Climate Change: Design Approaches for a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program
by Larry Parker
Paperback, 27 pages, 2008, $20.00
Facets of the cost issue that have raised concern regarding a greenhouse gas reduction program include absolute costs to the economy, distribution of costs across industries, competitive impact domestically and internationally, incentives for new technologies, and uncertainty about costs.
Contents of this report: (1) Intro: Price Versus Quantity Debate; (2) Five Dimensions of the Cost Issue; (3) Addressing Cost Concerns: Tonnage Options; Expand Supply Options; Carbon Tax: Economic-Based Circuit Breaker; Technology-Based Timetable: Banking and Borrowing; Auctioning Permits; Safety Valve; (4) Illustrative Approaches; (5) Resolving the Price-Quantity Issue; (6) Selected Options to Address Cost Uncertainty of Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programs. Charts and tables.
Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations
by Christopher M. Blanchard
Paperback, 51 pages, 2009, $30.00
Contents: (I) Recent Developments; (II) Background: Saudi Arabia’s Political Development; Saudi-U.S. Relations, 1931-2001; September 11, 2001, and its Aftermath; The 9/11 Commission Report; Saudi Responses; Recent Assessments; Terrorist Financing Concerns; Toward a New Relationship?; New Bilateral Agreements;
(III) Recent Congressional Interest in Saudi Arabia: U.S. Foreign Assistance to Saudi Arabia and Congressional Prohibitions; International Military Education and Training (IMET); Counterterrorism Assistance; Prohibitions on Foreign Assistance; FY2010 Appropriations Debate; U.S. Arms Sales to Saudi Arabia; Background; Criticism and Action in the 110th Congress; BAE Corruption Inquiry;
(IV) Current Issues in U.S.-Saudi Relations; U.S.-Saudi Military Cooperation: U.S. Military Training Mission in Saudi Arabia (USMTM); Saudi Arabian National Guard Modernization Program (PM-SANG); Office of Program Mgt. Ministry of Interior – Facilities Security Forces (OPM MOI-FSF); Counterterrorism; Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula; Combating Extremism; The Arab-Israeli Conflict; Saudi-Palestinian Relations; Saudi Peace Proposals; Iraq;Saudi Policy Priorities in Iraq; Saudi-Iraqi Diplomatic and Economic Relations; Economic Relations and Trade; U.S.-Saudi Trade; U.S. Oil Imports and Saudi Policy; U.S.-Saudi Foreign Direct Investment; Saudi Boycott of Israel and WTO Membership; Human Rights, Religious Freedom, and Political Reform; Political Reform Debates and Elections; Leadership and Succession; Social Reform Debates and Recent Leadership Changes; Human Rights; Religious Freedom; Consular Issues;
(V) Further Reading and Historical Resources; Appendix A. Recent Proposed Arms Sales; Appendix B. Text of Saudi Peace Initiatives. Figures.
New Government Report: Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress (ISBN: 9781437934069)
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress (ISBN: 9781437934069)
By Jonathan L. Ramseur (Paperback, 34 pages, 2010, $20)
This past week has seen the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico worsen, despite attempts to plug the gushing oil well. Carol M. Browner, President Obama’s climate change and energy policy adviser, told ABC’s “Good Morning America” that she was concerned about the impact that the hurricane season could have on the continuing environmental crisis.
This report’s contents: (1) Background: Oil Spills (OS) in U.S. Coastal Waters; Impacts of OS in Aquatic Environment: Acute Impacts; Chronic Impacts; Ecosystem Recovery; Economic Costs of OS: Cleanup Costs; Natural Resources Damages; Other Economic Costs; (2) OS Governance: Federal Authorities: Exxon Valdez OS: 1990 Oil Pollution Act; Other Federal Laws; International Conventions: MARPOL 73/78; Intervention Convention; Federal Agencies Responsibilities: Response; Prevention and Preparedness; Federal Funding for the OS Liability Trust Fund: Background; Trust Fund Ceiling; Fund Projections, and Vulnerability; State Laws; (3) Threat of Future OS in U.S. Coastal Waters: Possibilities for Future OS: U.S. Oil Imports and Possible OS; Level of Preparedness. Illustrations.
Auto Industry: Lessons Learned from Cash for Clunkers Program
by A. Nicole Clowers (Paperback, 43 pages, 2010, $25)
In July and August 2009, the federal government implemented the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) program, or “Cash for Clunkers,” a temporary vehicle retirement program that offered consumers a monetary credit ($3,500 or $4,500) to trade in an older vehicle for a new, more fuel-efficient one.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was responsible for administering the program, and GAO was required to review the program’s administration.
This report examines (1) what is known to date about the extent to which the CARS program achieved its objectives; (2) what stakeholders’ experiences were with the CARS program; and (3) how the CARS program compares to other selected domestic and international vehicle retirement programs. Tables and figures.