Archive for April, 2011
by Orice Williams Brown
Paperback, 19 pages, 2011, $20.00
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) had to borrow from the U.S. Treasury to cover losses from the 2005 hurricanes. The outstanding debt is $17.8 billion as of March 2011. This sizable debt, plus operational and management challenges at FEMA, which administers NFIP, have kept the program on the high-risk list. NFIP’s need to borrow to cover claims in years of catastrophic flooding has raised concerns about the program’s long-term financial solvency. This testimony: 1) discusses ways to place NFIP on a sounder financial footing in light of public policy goals for federal involvement in natural catastrophe insurance; and 2) highlights operational and management challenges at FEMA that affect the program.
by John E. Dicken
Paperback, 28 pages, 2011, $20.00
Prescription drug spending in the U.S. in 2009 totaled $250 billion, of which $78 billion — or 31% — was spent by the federal government. Prescription drug spending by the federal government, patients, and third-party payers, including employers, is driven by many factors, including the prices paid for drugs. This report: (1) examines usual and customary price trends for commonly used prescription drugs from 2006 through the first quarter of 2010 and compares these trends to those of other medical consumer goods and services; and (2) examines price trends using drug prices other than usual and customary. Also provides information on the extent to which prices for individual brand-name drugs changed over the course of this analysis period. Charts and tables.
by Stephen W. Stathis
Paperback, 33 pages, 2009, $20.00
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Contents: (1) Practices Adopted During the American Revolution: First Medals Were Struck in Paris; (2) Recipients in the 19th Century: War of 1812; Mexican War; Congress Broadens the Scope of Its Gold Medal; (3) Recipients in the 20th and 21st Century: Actors, Artists, Authors, Entertainers, and Musicians; Aeronautical and Space Pioneers; Antarctic Explorers; Acclaimed Lifesavers; Distinguished Military Personnel; Notables in Agriculture, Science and Medicine; Awards for Public Service, Athletic Prowess, Civil Rights Activism, and Humanitarian Contributions; (4) Foreign Recipients; (5) Design and Casting of Gold Medals; (6) Legislative Procedures: Procedures in the 111th Congress; Bills to Change Procedures or Criteria. List of Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2009.
by Angele A. Gilroy
Paperback, 17 pages, 2011, $20.00
As congressional policymakers continue to debate telecommunications reform, a major point of contention is the question of whether action is needed to ensure unfettered access to the Internet. The move to place restrictions on the owners of the networks that compose and provide access to the Internet, to ensure equal access and non-discriminatory treatment, is referred to as “net neutrality.”A major focus in the debate is concern over whether it is necessary for policymakers to take steps to ensure access to the Internet for content, services, and applications providers, as well as consumers, what these steps should be.
Contents of this report: Introduction; FCC Activity; Industry Initiatives; Network Management; The Policy Debate; Congressional Activity.
by Lynn J. Cunningham, Beth A. Roberts
Paperback, 53 pages, 2011, $25.00
Recently, there have been growing concerns about the availability and cost of energy and about environmental impacts of fossil energy use, especially global climate change. Those combined concerns have rekindled interest in energy efficiency, energy conservation, and the development and commercialization of renewable energy technologies. This report describes federal programs that provide grants, loans, loan guarantees, and other direct or indirect regulatory incentives for energy efficiency, energy conservation, and renewable energy. For each program, the report provides the administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and the program expiration date. Charts and tables.
by Gregory C. Wilshusen
Paperback, 15 pages, 2011, $15.00
In the criminal law system, some basic objectives are to discover the truth, acquit the innocent without unnecessary delay or expense, punish the guilty proportionately with their crimes, and prevent and deter further crime, thereby providing for the public order. Military justice shares these objectives in part, but also serves to enhance discipline throughout the Armed Forces, serving the overall objective of providing an effective national defense. Contents of this report: Intro.; Military Courts-Martial: Jurisdiction; Types of Offenses; Investigation; Types of Courts-Martial: Summary Courts-Martial; Special Courts-Martial; General Courts-Martial; Post-Trial Review; Appellate Review; Selected Procedural Safeguards. Illus. This is a print on demand report.
by Gregory C. Wilshusen
Paperback, 16 pages, 2011, $15.00
Discusses the cyber threats to critical infrastructure and the American economy. Pervasive and sustained cyber attacks against the U.S. continue to pose a potentially devastating impact on federal and non-federal systems and operations. In Feb. 2011, the Director of National Intelligence testified that, in the past year, there had been a dramatic increase in malicious cyber activity targeting U.S. computers and networks, including a more than tripling of the volume of malicious software since 2009. This testimony describes: (1) cyber threats to cyber-reliant critical infrastructures and federal information systems; and (2) the continuing challenges federal agencies face in protecting the nation’s cyber-reliant critical infrastructures and federal systems. A print on demand report.