Posts tagged ‘automobiles’

New Government Report: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
by Brent D. Yacobucci
Paperback, 20 pages, 2010, $20.00
ISBN: 9781437941234

“Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles are seen as integral to improving urban air quality, decreasing dependence on foreign oil, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. However, major barriers — especially economics — prevent the widespread use of these fuels and technologies.

Contents of this report: (1) Introduction; (2) Background and Analysis: Fuel Tax Incentives; Ethanol and MTBE; The Renewable Fuel Standard; Ethanol “Blend Wall”; Cellulosic Biofuels; Ethanol Imports; Vehicle Purchase Requirements, and Tax Incentives; Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel; Hydrogen and Fuel Cells; Hybrid Vehicles; (3) Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Technology Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. ”

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October 26, 2010 at 2:11 pm Leave a comment

New Government Report: Teen Driver Safety: Additional Research Could Help States Strengthen Graduated Driver Licensing Systems (ISBN: 1437934242)

Teen Driver Safety: Additional Research Could Help States Strengthen Graduated Driver Licensing Systems (ISBN: 1437934242)
By Susan Fleming (Paperback, 56 pages, 2010, $20)

AAA is promoting a graduated driver’s license in North Dakota, since teen drivers ages 16 to 20 have the highest fatality rate of any age group in the U.S.

As a result, states have increasingly adopted laws to limit teen driving exposure, such as Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) systems, which consist of three stages: a learner’s permit allowing driving only under supervision; intermediate licensure allowing unsupervised driving with restrictions; and full licensure. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) supports state teen driver safety programs.

This report identifies: (1) key GDL system requirements and the extent to which state programs include these requirements; and (2) challenges states face to improve teen driver safety and how states and NHTSA have addressed the challenges. Illustrations.

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June 10, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Confronting a New Dynamic in the Global Economy (ISBN: 9781437931960)

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Confronting a New Dynamic in the Global Economy (ISBN: 9781437931960)
By Bill Canis and Brent D. Yacobucci (Paperback, 68 pages, 2010, $30)

An in-depth analysis of the 2009 crisis in the U.S. auto industry. and its prospects for regaining domestic and global competitiveness. Analyzes business and policy issues arising from the restructurings within the industry.

The year 2009 was marked by recession and a crisis in global credit markets; the bankruptcy of GM and Chrysler; the incorporation of successor companies; hundreds of parts supplier bankruptcies; plant closings and worker buyouts; the cash-for-clunkers program; and increasing production and sales at year’s end.

Also examines the successes of Ford and the increasing presence of foreign-owned OEM (original equipment manufacturers), foreign-owned parts manufacturers, competition from imported vehicles, and a buildup of global over-capacity that threatens the recovery of U.S. domestic producers.

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May 28, 2010 at 10:00 am 1 comment

New Government Report: Unintended Acceleration in Passenger Vehicles

Unintended Acceleration in Passenger Vehicles
By Suzanne M. Kirchhoff and David Randall Peterman
(Paperback, 33 pages, 2010, $20)

Congress is considering legislation to strengthen federal regulation of auto safety, in response to hundreds of reported accidents, and more than 50 fatalities, that may be linked to sudden acceleration in certain makes of Toyota and Lexus vehicles.

Contents of this report: (I) Introduction: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA); (II) Federal Oversight of Auto Safety: Sudden Acceleration Complaints; Audi Historical Precedents; Toyota-Related Complaints Since 2000; NHTSA Response to Toyota Complaints; (III) Toyota Overview; Toyota Corporate Structure; Black Box Availability; Recall Impact on Toyota Sales; Toyota Lobbying; (IV) Policy Issues and the Congressional Response: Does NHTSA Have Enough Resources for Defects Investigation?; Is the Toyota Issue a Sign of Broader Problems Within the Auto Industry?; Are Electronics and Software Testing Stringent Enough?; Electronic Throttle Problems; (V) Congressional Options. Figures.

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May 7, 2010 at 12:00 pm 1 comment

New Government Report: Auto Industry: Lessons Learned from Clash for Clunkers Program

Auto Industry: Lessons Learned from Cash for Clunkers Program
by A. Nicole Clowers (Paperback, 43 pages, 2010, $25)

In July and August 2009, the federal government implemented the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) program, or “Cash for Clunkers,” a temporary vehicle retirement program that offered consumers a monetary credit ($3,500 or $4,500) to trade in an older vehicle for a new, more fuel-efficient one.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was responsible for administering the program, and GAO was required to review the program’s administration.

This report examines (1) what is known to date about the extent to which the CARS program achieved its objectives; (2) what stakeholders’ experiences were with the CARS program; and (3) how the CARS program compares to other selected domestic and international vehicle retirement programs. Tables and figures.

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May 3, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment


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