Posts tagged ‘congress’
by Athipat Muthitacharoen
Paperback, 38 pages, 2011, $20.00
The deductibility of charitable donations has been a feature of the U.S. individual income tax almost as long as the modern income tax has been in existence. Nevertheless, concerns about the cost, equity, and efficiency of the deduction have prompted many proposals to change the tax treatment of charitable contributions. This report examines patterns of individual charitable giving and analyzes how options for changing the tax treatment of such giving might affect the overall level of donations, the costs to the federal government, and the distribution of tax benefits by income group. Tables and figures. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.
by Jennifer Manning, Colleen Shogan
Paperback, 63 pages, 2010, $25.00
Contents: (1) Introduction: Historical Overview of African Americans in Congress; African American Firsts in Congress; Length of Service; How African Americans Enter Congress; (2) African American Members in Leadership Positions; (3) Congressional Black Caucus: Martin Luther King Jr. Day; Ending Apartheid in South Africa; Humanitarian Aid to Haiti; (4) Tables and Data; (5) Alphabetical Listing of African American Members, Selected Biographical Information, and Committee Assignments During Their Tenure in Office. Charts and tables.
by Stephen W. Stathis
Paperback, 33 pages, 2009, $20.00
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Contents: (1) Practices Adopted During the American Revolution: First Medals Were Struck in Paris; (2) Recipients in the 19th Century: War of 1812; Mexican War; Congress Broadens the Scope of Its Gold Medal; (3) Recipients in the 20th and 21st Century: Actors, Artists, Authors, Entertainers, and Musicians; Aeronautical and Space Pioneers; Antarctic Explorers; Acclaimed Lifesavers; Distinguished Military Personnel; Notables in Agriculture, Science and Medicine; Awards for Public Service, Athletic Prowess, Civil Rights Activism, and Humanitarian Contributions; (4) Foreign Recipients; (5) Design and Casting of Gold Medals; (6) Legislative Procedures: Procedures in the 111th Congress; Bills to Change Procedures or Criteria. List of Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2009.
by Angele A. Gilroy
Paperback, 17 pages, 2011, $20.00
As congressional policymakers continue to debate telecommunications reform, a major point of contention is the question of whether action is needed to ensure unfettered access to the Internet. The move to place restrictions on the owners of the networks that compose and provide access to the Internet, to ensure equal access and non-discriminatory treatment, is referred to as “net neutrality.”A major focus in the debate is concern over whether it is necessary for policymakers to take steps to ensure access to the Internet for content, services, and applications providers, as well as consumers, what these steps should be.
Contents of this report: Introduction; FCC Activity; Industry Initiatives; Network Management; The Policy Debate; Congressional Activity.
by Jeremiah Gertler
Paperback, 19 pages, 2011, $20.00
What constitutes international “authorization” for the establishment of a NFZ? The concept of authorization is typically considered to be linked to the ideas of both “legality” and “legitimacy.” Express authorization from the U.N. Security Council provides the clearest legal basis for imposing a NFZ. Contents of this report: Strategy; International Authorization; Congressional Authorization; Operations; Costs; The Case of Libya: Congressional Action; Admin. Perspectives; International Steps Regarding NFZ: U.N. Authorization; Other Organizations and Governments; Operational Considerations: The Nature and Density of Adversary Air Defenses; The Quantity and Quality of Adversary Air Assets; Geography; Concept of Operations. This is a print on demand report.
by Jennifer K. Elsea, Richard F. Grimmett
Paperback, 107 pages, 2011, $35.00
From the Washington Admin. to the present, Congress and the Pres. have enacted 11 separate formal DoW against foreign nations in five different wars. This report provides historical background on the enactment of DoW and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and U.S. domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. The report includes an extensive listing and summary of statutes that are triggered by a DoW, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. Also includes a summary of the congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a DoW or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution. This is a print on demand report.
by Dana A. Shea
Paperback, 25 pages, 2011, $20.00
The Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) regulates chemical facilities for security purposes. The 111th Congress extended this authority through March 4, 2011, and debated the scope and details of reauthorization. Some Members of Congress supported an extension of the existing authority. Other Members called for revision and more extensive codification of chemical facility security regulatory provisions. There are questions regarding the current law’s effectiveness in reducing chemical facility risk and the sufficiency of federal funding for chemical facility security. Contents of this report: Introduction; Overview of Statute and Regulation; Implementation; Policy Issues; Policy Options; Congressional Action. Tables. This is a print on demand report.