Posts tagged ‘debt’
Government Report: Flood Insurance: Public Policy Goals Provide a Framework for Reform: Congressional Testimony
by Orice Williams Brown
Paperback, 21 pages, 2011, $20.00
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) has been on the high-risk list since 2006, when the program had to borrow form the U.S. Treasury to cover losses from the 2005 hurricanes.
The outstanding debt is $17.8 billion as of June 2011. This sizeable debt, plus operational and mgmt. challenges at FEMA, which administers NFIP, have combined to keep the program on the high-risk list. NFIP’s need to borrow to cover claims in years of catastrophic flooding has raised concerns about the program’s long-term financial solvency.
This testimony: (1) discusses ways to place NFIP on a sounder financial footing; and (2) highlights operational and mgmt. challenges at FEMA that affect the program. This is a print on demand report.
by Rebecca M. Nelson
Paperback, 31 pages, 2011, $20.00
SD, also called public debt or government debt, refers to debt incurred by governments. Since the global financial crisis of 2008-2009, public debt in advanced economies has increased substantially. A number of factors related to the financial crisis have fueled the increase, including fiscal stimulus packages, the nationalization of private-sector debt, and lower tax revenue. Even if economic growth reverses some of these trends, aging populations in advanced economies are expected to strain government debt levels in coming years. Contents of this report: Definition and Concepts; Trends in SD; Addressing High Debt Levels; Is the U.S. Headed for a Eurozone-Style Debt Crisis?; Implications for the U.S. Economy; U.S. Bank Exposure Overseas.
by D. Andrew Austin
Paperback, 24 pages, 2011, $20.00
The size of current and projected fed. deficits and the accumulation of federal debt (FD) are central to current congressional deliberations regarding fiscal reforms. Here is a broad overview of the FD, annual budget deficits, and debt service costs. FD is the accumulated sum of unrepaid borrowing by the federal government. The total FD consists of debt held by the public and intra-governmental debt. Debt owed to the public represents borrowing from state and local governments, foreign governments and investors, the Federal Reserve System, and foreign central banks, as well as private investors. Contents of this report: Structure of the FD; Deficits, Debt, and Interest Costs; Holdings of FD; What is the “Best” Measure of FD. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.
by Martin A. Weiss
Paperback, 17 pages, 2008, $15.00
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Following the ouster of the Saddam Hussein regime in spring 2003, Iraq’s external debt was $130 billion. Reducing this debt to a sustainable level has been a priority of the U.S. government. Since 2003, debt relief negotiations have led to the cancellation of a significant amount of Iraq’s external debt. Contents of this report: (1) Iraq’s External Debt: Paris Club Debt Claims; Non-Paris Club Debt Claims; Commercial Debt Claims; (2) The Debt Relief Effort: Paris Club Debt Relief; Evian Approach; Iraq’s Paris Club Agree.; Non-Paris Club Debt Relief; Commercial Debt Relief; (3) Potential Policy Precedents for International Debt Relief: Granting a Stay on the Enforcement of Creditor Rights; Flexibility of Paris Club Agree.; Implementing an Odious Debt Strategy. Illustrations.
by James K. Jackson
Paperback, 21 pages, 2011, $20.00
The global financial crisis and economic recession spurred governments to boost fiscal expenditures to stimulate economic growth and to provide capital injections to support their financial sectors. The surge in fiscal spending, combined with a loss of revenue, has caused government deficit spending to rise sharply when measured as a share of GDP and increased the overall level of public debt. Budget deficits likely will stabilize, but are not expected to fall appreciably for some time. Contents of this report: Overview and Background; Austerity Measures in Europe; Impact on Gov’t. Budgets; Fiscal Consolidation: Country Efforts; Recent EU Austerity Measures; Budget Rules; Budget Rules in Europe: The Stability and Growth Pact. A print on demand report.
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: Federal Trade Commission Annual Report 2009
by Barry Leonard
Paperback, 17 pages, 2009, $15.00
“Summarizes the administrative and enforcement actions the FTC has taken under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) during the past year. These actions are part of the FTC’s ongoing effort to curtail deceptive, unfair, and abusive debt collection practices in the marketplace. Such practices cause substantial consumer injury, including payment of amounts not owed, unintended waivers of rights, invasions of privacy, and emotional distress. The FTC’s goal is to ensure compliance with the Act without unreasonably impeding the collection process. The FTC also appreciates the need to protect consumers from those debt collectors who engage in deceptive, unfair, and abusive collection practices.”
Why Don’t Lenders Renegotiate More Home Mortgages?: Redefaults, Self-Cures, and Securitization
by Manuel Adelino, Kristopher Gerardi and Paul S. Willen
Paperback, 41 pages, 2009, $20.00
Servicers have been reluctant to renegotiate mortgages since the foreclosure crisis started in 2007, having performed payment-reducing modifications on only 3% of seriously delinquent loans. This reluctance does not result from securitization: Servicers renegotiate similarly small fractions of loans that they hold in their portfolios. The paper’s results are robust to different definitions of renegotiation, including the one most likely to be affected by securitization, and to different definitions of delinquency. Redefault risk, the possibility that a borrower will still default despite costly renegotiation, and self-cure risk, the possibility that a seriously delinquent borrower will become current without renegotiation, make renegotiation unattractive to investors.