Posts tagged ‘ethics’

New Government Report: Changing Moral Focus of Newborn Screening

Changing Moral Focus of Newborn Screening: An Ethical Analysis by the President’s Council on Bioethics
by Edmund D. Pellegrino (editor)
Paperback, 150 pages, 2008, $45.00
ISBN: 1437921892

“Nearly 4 million newborns undergo genetic screening (GS) every year in the U.S. Until recently such GS was limited to diseases that were well understood and for which effective treatments were available. Now, however, most mandatory GS programs also test for diseases that are not well understood and for which there is no available treatment. This white paper describes how the change in policy to include GS for untreatable as well as treatable diseases came about. It provides basic info. about the techniques of GS, and the practical and ethical choices parents must face. The Council believes that the potential benefits of mandatory, population-wide newborn GS for diseases for which there is no current treatment are outweighed by the potential harms.”

Purchase this print-on-demand publication for $45.00:
Add to CartE-mail a Friend Share This

Advertisements

September 21, 2010 at 9:53 am Leave a comment

Lionel Gossman’s Towards a Rational Historiography (American Philosophical Society Transaction 73-5, ISBN: 142237467X)

Towards a Rational Historiography
(American Philosophical Society Transaction 79-3, ISBN: 142238196X)
by Lionel Gossman (Paperback, 68 pages, 1989, $25.00)

Towards a Rational Historiography

Author Lionel Gossman maintains that underlying the argument that historiography cannot be subsumed under a poetics or a rhetoric (in the sense of a system of purely linguistic or literary tropes) is a larger claim, namely that a wide range of activities, from literary criticism, through legal debate, theology, ethics, politics, psychology, and medicine to the natural sciences, all constitute rational practices, even if there is considerable variation in the degree of formalism and rigor and in the type of argument most commonly employed in each of these different of fields of inquiry.

See the Google Preview: Towards a Rational Historiography of this book before you purchase it.

Hence Gossman emphasizes the practice or process of doing history rather than the product. What appeals to him in the idea of reason as a practice is its open, liberal, and democratic character. Historiography as a rational practice supposes a community of participants rather than the “anomie” of a world in which every man is his own historian or, at best, the relation of hero and follower that appears to be implied by privileging the historical “text.”

“In a 1963 essay on Voltaire’s History of Charles XII,” author Lionel Gossman tells the American Philosophical Society, “I had argued, in reaction to the seemingly entrenched positivism of the historical profession, that in constructing their narratives historians use the same literary figures and tropes as writers of fiction.

“After the publication of Hayden White’s groundbreaking Metahistory by the Johns Hopkins University Press (of whose editorial board I was then a member), I became associated with a group of historians, philosophers, and literary scholars, who were putting forward similar arguments.

“Soon, however, as often happens, what had been a challenging, critical position became a new orthodoxy. My students seemed to believe that there was no difference at all between history and fiction.

“I was convinced there was and I began to argue that modern history at least was a problem-solving rather than a myth-making activity, an ongoing process of criticism and revision, which could never, certainly, result in a representation of past reality but which in fact neither aimed nor claimed to offer that.

“I suggested that we consider historical narrative as closer to the competing evidence-based narratives presented in a court of law than to literary fictions. Towards a Rational Historiography was my attempt to stake out a position that was neither naively positivist nor completely skeptical.”

Edward Berenson writes in his book The Trial of Madame Caillaux: “Unlike many recent critics of historians and historical practice, especially those influenced by French literary theory, Gossman grounds his discussion in a solid sense of what historians ‘actually do’, not just when they write their narratives but when they perform their research, integrate and evaluate the work of others, revise and reconceptualize their scholarship in the face of new evidence and critical scrutiny.”

Purchase this print-on-demand publication for $25.00:
Add to CartE-mail a Friend Share This

June 30, 2010 at 10:29 pm Leave a comment


About Diane Publishing

Diane Publishing is your source for nearly 40,000 hard-to-find books and government reports, catering to readers of all ages. We also distribute the publications of 10 Philadelphia non-profit institutions.

@DianePub Tweets

Enter your e-mail address to subscribe to this blog and be notified of new posts by email.

Join 8 other followers

Share This Blog

Tell a Friend Bookmark and Share