Posts tagged ‘labor’
by Linda Foreman & William McBride
Paperback, 20 pages, 2011, $20.00
The Fair and Equitable Tobacco Reform Act of 2004 eliminated tobacco quotas and tobacco price supports and allowed producers to plant any amount or type of tobacco regardless of geographic location. Flue-cured tobacco producers (FCTP) made greater adjustments to their operations after the buyout than did burley tobacco producers (BTP). FCTP were more likely to increase tobacco acres per farm, pushing up the tobacco acreage per farm at a faster rate compared with BTP. They also invested more per farm after 2004. With over 75% of tobacco farms using hired or contract labor in 2008, the availability and cost of workers have become increasingly important to tobacco producers. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.
by George A. Scott
Paperback, 76 pages, 2011, $25.00
To help guide the nation’s workforce development system, the Department of Labor’s (Labor) Employment and Training Administration (ETA) conducts research in areas related to job training and employment. Building upon earlier work, this report examined the following: (1) To what extent do ETA’s research priorities reflect key national employment and training issues and how useful were the studies funded under them?; (2) What steps has ETA taken to improve its research program?; (3) How has ETA improved the availability of its research since the last review in January 2010? Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.
by David Brauer
Paperback, 26 pages, 2011, $20.00
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) examines many developments that could have short- or longer-term consequences for the budget and the economy. In coming decades, one such development is expected to be a slower rate of growth of the labor force relative to its average over the past few decades. That slowdown is anticipated to occur primarily because of the aging and retirement of large numbers of baby boomers and because women’s participation in the labor force has leveled off since the late 1990s after having risen substantially for the preceding three decades. This report describes CBO’s methods for projecting such trends through 2021. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.
Women in Management: Analysis of Female Managers’ Representation, Characteristics, and Pay
by Andrew Sherrill
Paperback, 41 pages, 2010, $25.00
“Women make up 47% of the workforce in the U.S. Women’s participation in the labor force, particularly among women with children, is much higher today than several decades ago. In addition, an increasing proportion of women are attaining higher educ. Further, the percentage of female officials and managers in the private sector increased from just over 29% in 1990 to 36% in 2002. This report addresses these questions: (1) What is the representation of women in management positions compared to their representation in non-management positions by industry?; (2) What are the key characteristics of women and men in management positions by industry?; and (3) What is the difference in pay between women and men in full-time management positions by industry?”
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress (ISBN: 1437934730)
By Curry L. Hagerty and Jonathan L. Ramseur
(Paperback, 33 pages, 2010, $25)
On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as British Petroleum (BP).
The bipartisan commission named by President Obama in May to study the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and the future of American offshore drilling will hold its first formal meeting in mid-July at the earliest, most likely delaying the delivery of its final report into next year, reports the New York Times.
Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Setting in the Gulf of Mexico: Oil and Gas Recovery; Weather and Ocean Currents; Biological Resources; (3) Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling Technology; (4) Federal Statutory Framework; (5) Federal Regulatory Framework; (6) Environmental and Economic Impacts; (7) Labor Issues; (8) Reorganization of Minerals Management Service (MMS); (9) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Issues; Exxon Valdez; Recent Regional Disaster History; (10) Conclusion. Charts and tables.
Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections
By Ruth Ellen Wasem (Paperback, 29 pages, 2010, $20)
The legalization of foreign workers has been a hot-button topic in the country, especially over the past several months. According to the Washington Times:
Businesses say they need to make sure they can get access to foreign workers because there are jobs Americans won’t take. But labor unions fear such a program would depress wages for American workers, and in the current economy, with unemployment hovering at 10 percent, AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka said a new temporary-worker program “would be political suicide.”
This report’s contents: (I) Introduction: Key Elements; Brief History of Labor Certification; (II) Permanent Employment-based Admissions: LPR Labor Certification Process; Program Electronic Review Management (PERM); (III) Temporary Employment-Based Admissions: Overview: Temporary Workers; Multinational Executive and Specialist Employees and International Investors; Cultural Exchange; Outstanding and Extraordinary; Religious Workers; Trends in Temporary Employment-Based Visas; Labor Market Tests for Workers on H Visas: H-1B Visas and Labor Attestations; H-2A Visas and Labor Certification; Required Benefits for H-2A Workers: H-2B Visas and Labor Certifications;
(IV) Investigating and Enforcing LCAs; (V) Resources for Foreign Labor Certification: Funding the LCA Approval Process; Funding the LCA Enforcement Activities; (VI) Selected Issues: Unemployment Statistics and Other Economic Triggers; Global Competition for Talent; Certification Versus Attestation; Protections for U.S. Workers; Fraudulent Claims; Enforcement Tool; Small Business Concerns; Subcontractors and Multinational Companies; (VII) Conclusion. Figures and tables.
New Governent Report: Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force
Edited by Christine M. Matthews (Paperback, 18 pages, 2010, $15)
The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering (S&E) programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern.
“White, non-Hispanic students accounted for 71% of all U.S. citizens and permanent residents enrolled in 2000, as compared with 66% in 2007,” reports Information Week. “Unlike graduate student enrollment, where U.S. citizens and permanent residents represent the majority, the majority of postdoctoral appointments (58%) went to temporary visa holders in 2007. Google and other technology companies have argued that more H-1B visas need to be issued so they can hire highly qualified foreign-born workers.”
Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate S&E programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate S&E programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry.
Contents of this report: Foreign Students in U.S. Institutions; Participation Rates in S&E; Support of Foreign Students in Grad. School; Perceived Benefits and Problems; Foreign Scientists and Engineers in the U.S. Labor Force; Policy Implications. Illustrations.