Posts tagged ‘obama’

Government Report: China Taiwan: Evolution of the One Child Policy

China/Taiwan: Evolution of the “One China” Policy — Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei

by Shirley A. Kan
Paperback, 81 pages, 2011, $25.00
ISBN: 1437988083

Despite apparently consistent statements in 4 decades, the U.S. “one China” policy concerning Taiwan remains somewhat ambiguous and subject to different interpretations. Apart from questions about what the “one China” policy entails, issues have arisen about whether U.S. Presidents have stated clear positions and have changed or should change policy, affecting U.S. interests in security and democracy.

Contents of this report: (1) U.S. Policy on “One China”: Has U.S. Policy Changed?; Overview of Policy Issues; (2) Highlights of Key Statements by Washington, Beijing, and Taipei: Statements During the Admin. of Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush, Clinton, and Obama. A print on demand report.

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July 25, 2011 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Troop Levels in the Afghan and Iraq Wars, FY 2001-FY 2012: Cost and Other Potential Issues

Troop Levels in the Afghan and Iraq Wars, FY 2001-FY 2012: Cost and Other Potential Issues (ISBN: 1437919456)
By Amy Belasco (Paperback, 67 pages, 2009, $25.00)

In Feb. and March 2009, the Obama Administration announced its plans to increase troop levels in Afghanistan and decrease troop levels in Iraq. In Afghanistan, 30,000 more troops are deploying this year while in Iraq, troops will gradually decline to 35,000 to 50,000 by Aug. 31, 2011 with all troops to be out of Iraq by Dec. 31, 2011.

The most commonly cited measure of troop strength is “Boots on the Ground” or the number of troops located in Afghanistan and in Iraq. Based on aveerage monthly Boots on the Ground figures, the number of troops in Afghanistan and Iraq increased from 5,200 in FY2002 to a peak of 187,900 in FY2008 primarily because of increases in Iraq beginning with the invasion in March 2003.

In FY2009, total troop strength is expected to remain the same as planned increases in Afghanistan offset declines in Iraq. By FY2012, overall troop strength for the two wars is likely to decline to 67,500 when the withdrawal from Iraq is expected to be complete.

Contents of this Congressional Research Service (CRS) report: (I) Introduction: Obama Admin. Plans for Afghanistan and Iraq; (II) Wide Range in Deployed Troop Strengths in DOD Sources; (III) In-Country Troop Strength: FY2002-FY2012; (IV) Cost Implications of Changes in Troop Strength: FY2009-FY2012; (V) Ways to Measure Troop Levels for the Afghan and Iraq Wars; (VI) Trends in Troop Levels From FY2002-FY2008 Using Five Alternative Sources; (VII) Service Roles and Readiness Concerns. Figures and tables.

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August 2, 2010 at 5:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Selected Freedom of Speech Scholarship (ISBN: 9781437936032)

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Selected Freedom of Speech Scholarship (ISBN: 9781437936032)
By Kathleen Ann Ruane
(Paperback, 25 pages, 2010, $20.00)

President Obama has nominated his Solicitor General, Elena Kagan, to be the next Supreme Court Justice. If confirmed, she would fill the seat being vacated by Justice John Paul Stevens upon his retirement. Prior to her term as Solicitor General, Ms. Kagan wrote pieces analyzing free speech jurisprudence.

This report explains Ms. Kagan’s articles in detail, as well as an additional, shorter piece, discussing the First Amendment implications of codes of conduct at public universities: (1) “The Role of Government Motive in First Amendment Doctrine”: The Concept, and Doctrine, of Impermissible Motive; (2) “Regulation of Hate Speech and Pornography After R.A.V.”; (3) “When a Speech Code is a Speech Code: The Stanford Policy and the Theory of Incidental Restrictions.”

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July 19, 2010 at 5:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Missed Opportunities, Shared Responsibilities: Final Report of the Cambridge Review Committee on the Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Incident (ISBN: 9781437935943)

Missed Opportunities, Shared Responsibilities: Final Report of the Cambridge Review Committee on the Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Incident (ISBN: 9781437935943)
By Chuck Wexler
(Paperback, 60 pages, 2010, $25.00)

On July 16, 2009, Sgt. James Crowley responded to a 911 call about a possible break-in in progress on Ware St. in Cambridge, MA. Crowley, a respected 11-year veteran of the Cambridge police force, arrived at the address, which he later would learn was the home of Harvard Prof. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., one of the most prominent African-American scholars in the U.S.

The situation deteriorated rapidly, according to both men. Within six minutes, Crowley had arrested Gates for disorderly conduct and placed him in handcuffs at his own home. How was this possible?

The Cambridge City Manager requested a study to be conducted to identify those lessons and help other cities avoid such incidents. This report, by the Cambridge Review Committee, is the result. Illustrations.

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July 14, 2010 at 7:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress (ISBN: 1437934730)

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress (ISBN: 1437934730)
By Curry L. Hagerty and Jonathan L. Ramseur
(Paperback, 33 pages, 2010, $25)

On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as British Petroleum (BP).

The bipartisan commission named by President Obama in May to study the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and the future of American offshore drilling will hold its first formal meeting in mid-July at the earliest, most likely delaying the delivery of its final report into next year, reports the New York Times.

Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Setting in the Gulf of Mexico: Oil and Gas Recovery; Weather and Ocean Currents; Biological Resources; (3) Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling Technology; (4) Federal Statutory Framework; (5) Federal Regulatory Framework; (6) Environmental and Economic Impacts; (7) Labor Issues; (8) Reorganization of Minerals Management Service (MMS); (9) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Issues; Exxon Valdez; Recent Regional Disaster History; (10) Conclusion. Charts and tables.

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June 21, 2010 at 5:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: African American Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2009 (ISBN: 1437929044)

African American Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2009 (ISBN: 1437929044)
By Jennifer E. Manning and Colleen J. Shogan
(Paperback, 63 pages, 2010, $25)

In 2010, there are at least 32 African-Americans running for Congress this year as Republicans, and many more as Democrats, reports the New York Times.

Contents of this report: (1) Introduction: Historical Overview of African Americans in Congress; African American Firsts in Congress; Length of Service; How African Americans Enter Congress; (2) African American Members in Leadership Positions; (3) Congressional Black Caucus: Martin Luther King Jr. Day; Ending Apartheid in South Africa; Humanitarian Aid to Haiti; (4) Tables and Data; (5) Alphabetical Listing of African American Members, Selected Biographical Information, and Committee Assignments During Their Tenure in Office. Charts and tables.

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June 18, 2010 at 9:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010 (ISBN: 9781437934274)

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010 (ISBN: 9781437934274)
By R. Sam Garrett & Denis Steven Rutkus (Paperback, 48 pages, 2010, $20)

In May, President Obama nominated Solicitor General Elena Kagan as the nation’s 112th justice, to succeed the retiring Justice John Paul Stevens. In the coming months, she will face the confirmation process.

This report’s contents: (1) Recent Activity: Activity During 2010, 2009, and 2005-2006: Recent Niminations: John Roberts, Harriet Miers, Samuel Alito; (2) Measuring the Pace of Supreme Court (SC) Appointments; (3) How SC Vacancies Occur: Death of a Sitting Justice (SJ): Retirement or Resignation of a SJ; Nomination of a SJ to Another Position; Controversial, Withdrawn, and Rejected Nominations; (4) Date of Actual or Prospective Vacancy; Announcement-of-Nominee Date: Use of Medians to Summarize Intervals; The Duration of the Nomination-and-Confirmation Process: Changes Since 1981; Factors Influencing the Speed of the Process: How the Vacancy Occurs; The Senate’s Schedule; Committee Involvement and Institutional Customs; Controversial Nominations.

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June 2, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes (ISBN: 9781437934106)

U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes (ISBN: 9781437934106)
By Marc Humphries, Robert Pirog, Gene Whitney
(Paperback, 29 pages, 2010, $20)

This past week has seen the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico worsen, despite attempts to plug the gushing oil well. Carol M. Browner, President Obama’s climate change and energy policy adviser, told ABC’s “Good Morning America” that she was concerned about the impact that the hurricane season could have on the continuing environmental crisis.

This report’s contents: (1) Introduction and Background; (2) Legislative Issues; (3) U.S. Oil and Gas Supply and Demand: U.S. Oil, and Natural Gas Markets; Econ. Effects; Greater OCS Access and Supply; (4) Oil and Gas Reserves and Resources in the OCS; Resource Estimates and Technological Change; OCS Resource Estimates; Resource Estimates by Planning Area, and by Water Depth; (5) OCS Leasing Process and Program; (6) OCS Revenues: Revenue Sharing or Not?; Royalty Revenue Estimates; Environmental Concerns Associated with Offshore Exploration and Development; Offshore Areas Currently Protected; General Environmental Regulations and Requirements for Offshore Exploration and Production; (7) Environmental Impact Statements: Oil Spills and Leaks; Seismic Surveys and Industrial Noise. Illustrations.

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May 31, 2010 at 6:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies (ISBN: 9781437932177)

Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies
(ISBN: 9781437932177)

By Mark Eddy (Paperback, 47 pages, 2010, $25)

U.S. Representative Barney Frank is among 15 members of Congress pushing the Treasury Department to set rules that would help banks provide financial services to medical marijuana dispensaries, according to Bloomberg News’ Businessweek.

Contents: (1) Intro.; (2) Medical Marijuana (MM) Prior to 1937; (3) Federal MM Policy: Congress. Actions: Marijhuana Tax Act of 1937; Controlled Substances Act; Hinchey-Rohrabacher Amend.; Exec. Branch Actions and Policies: Approval of Marinol; Admin. Law Judge (ALJ) Ruling to Reschedule MM; NIH Workshop; Inst. of Med. Report; Denial of Petition to Reschedule Marijuana; FDA Statement That Smoked Marijuana is Not Med.; ALJ Ruling to Grow Research Marijuana; DEA Enforce. Actions Against MM Providers; Obama Admin. and MM; MM in the Courts: U.S. v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers’ Coop.; Conant v. Walters; Gonzales v. Raich; Amer. for Safe Access Lawsuit; (4) State and Local MM Laws; (5) Public Opinion; (6) Arguments For and Against MM.

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May 25, 2010 at 7:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona’s S.B. 1070 (ISBN: 9781437933203)

State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona’s S.B. 1070 (ISBN: 9781437933203)
By Michael John Garcia, Larry M. Eig and Yule Kim
(Paperback, 24 pages, 2009, $20)

On April 23, 2010, Arizona enacted S.B. 1070, which is designed to discourage and deter the entry or presence of aliens who lack lawful status under federal immigration law. It requires state and local law enforcement officials to facilitate the detection of unauthorized aliens in their daily activities. The enactment of S.B. 1070 has sparked significant legal and policy debate.

Contents: (1) Background; (2) Major Provisions of S.B. 1070; (3) Overview of Preemption: State Enforce. of Immigration Law; Criminalization of Immigration-Related Conduct; Criminalizing Hiring of Persons Picked on Roadways; Criminalizing Alien Smuggling; Criminalizing Violations of Federal Alien Registration. Require.; Criminalizing the Solicitation or Performance of Work by Unauthorized Aliens; (4) Racial Profiling Issues.

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May 24, 2010 at 6:00 am Leave a comment

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