Posts tagged ‘president’

Government Report: China Taiwan: Evolution of the One Child Policy

China/Taiwan: Evolution of the “One China” Policy — Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei

by Shirley A. Kan
Paperback, 81 pages, 2011, $25.00
ISBN: 1437988083

Despite apparently consistent statements in 4 decades, the U.S. “one China” policy concerning Taiwan remains somewhat ambiguous and subject to different interpretations. Apart from questions about what the “one China” policy entails, issues have arisen about whether U.S. Presidents have stated clear positions and have changed or should change policy, affecting U.S. interests in security and democracy.

Contents of this report: (1) U.S. Policy on “One China”: Has U.S. Policy Changed?; Overview of Policy Issues; (2) Highlights of Key Statements by Washington, Beijing, and Taipei: Statements During the Admin. of Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush, Clinton, and Obama. A print on demand report.

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July 25, 2011 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Declarations of War (DoW) and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force

Declarations of War (DoW) and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

by Jennifer K. Elsea, Richard F. Grimmett
Paperback, 107 pages, 2011, $35.00
ISBN: 1437983545

From the Washington Admin. to the present, Congress and the Pres. have enacted 11 separate formal DoW against foreign nations in five different wars. This report provides historical background on the enactment of DoW and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and U.S. domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. The report includes an extensive listing and summary of statutes that are triggered by a DoW, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. Also includes a summary of the congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a DoW or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution. This is a print on demand report.

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March 29, 2011 at 12:07 pm Leave a comment

New Government Report: Missed Opportunities, Shared Responsibilities: Final Report of the Cambridge Review Committee on the Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Incident (ISBN: 9781437935943)

Missed Opportunities, Shared Responsibilities: Final Report of the Cambridge Review Committee on the Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Incident (ISBN: 9781437935943)
By Chuck Wexler
(Paperback, 60 pages, 2010, $25.00)

On July 16, 2009, Sgt. James Crowley responded to a 911 call about a possible break-in in progress on Ware St. in Cambridge, MA. Crowley, a respected 11-year veteran of the Cambridge police force, arrived at the address, which he later would learn was the home of Harvard Prof. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., one of the most prominent African-American scholars in the U.S.

The situation deteriorated rapidly, according to both men. Within six minutes, Crowley had arrested Gates for disorderly conduct and placed him in handcuffs at his own home. How was this possible?

The Cambridge City Manager requested a study to be conducted to identify those lessons and help other cities avoid such incidents. This report, by the Cambridge Review Committee, is the result. Illustrations.

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July 14, 2010 at 7:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010 (ISBN: 9781437934274)

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010 (ISBN: 9781437934274)
By R. Sam Garrett & Denis Steven Rutkus (Paperback, 48 pages, 2010, $20)

In May, President Obama nominated Solicitor General Elena Kagan as the nation’s 112th justice, to succeed the retiring Justice John Paul Stevens. In the coming months, she will face the confirmation process.

This report’s contents: (1) Recent Activity: Activity During 2010, 2009, and 2005-2006: Recent Niminations: John Roberts, Harriet Miers, Samuel Alito; (2) Measuring the Pace of Supreme Court (SC) Appointments; (3) How SC Vacancies Occur: Death of a Sitting Justice (SJ): Retirement or Resignation of a SJ; Nomination of a SJ to Another Position; Controversial, Withdrawn, and Rejected Nominations; (4) Date of Actual or Prospective Vacancy; Announcement-of-Nominee Date: Use of Medians to Summarize Intervals; The Duration of the Nomination-and-Confirmation Process: Changes Since 1981; Factors Influencing the Speed of the Process: How the Vacancy Occurs; The Senate’s Schedule; Committee Involvement and Institutional Customs; Controversial Nominations.

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June 2, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes (ISBN: 9781437934106)

U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes (ISBN: 9781437934106)
By Marc Humphries, Robert Pirog, Gene Whitney
(Paperback, 29 pages, 2010, $20)

This past week has seen the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico worsen, despite attempts to plug the gushing oil well. Carol M. Browner, President Obama’s climate change and energy policy adviser, told ABC’s “Good Morning America” that she was concerned about the impact that the hurricane season could have on the continuing environmental crisis.

This report’s contents: (1) Introduction and Background; (2) Legislative Issues; (3) U.S. Oil and Gas Supply and Demand: U.S. Oil, and Natural Gas Markets; Econ. Effects; Greater OCS Access and Supply; (4) Oil and Gas Reserves and Resources in the OCS; Resource Estimates and Technological Change; OCS Resource Estimates; Resource Estimates by Planning Area, and by Water Depth; (5) OCS Leasing Process and Program; (6) OCS Revenues: Revenue Sharing or Not?; Royalty Revenue Estimates; Environmental Concerns Associated with Offshore Exploration and Development; Offshore Areas Currently Protected; General Environmental Regulations and Requirements for Offshore Exploration and Production; (7) Environmental Impact Statements: Oil Spills and Leaks; Seismic Surveys and Industrial Noise. Illustrations.

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May 31, 2010 at 6:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: War Powers Resolution: After 36 Years (ISBN: 9781437932932)

War Powers Resolution: After 36 Years (ISBN: 9781437932932)
By Richard F. Grimmett (Paperback, 77 pages, 2010, $25)

On April 30, 2010, Vietnam and the United States held different ceremonies marking the same milestone – the end of the Vietnam War, according to Suite101:

American foreign policy drastically changed because of the Vietnam War. Democrats and Republicans were no longer unified in supporting American foreign policy. In 1973 the Democratic majority in Congress passed the 1973 War Powers Resolution that prohibited the president from sending United States troops into combat for over 90 days before congressional consent.

This report discusses and assesses the War Powers Resolution (WPR) and its application. Contents: (1) Intro.; (2) Provisions of the WPR; (3) Constitutional Questions Raised: War Powers of Pres. and Congress; Legislative Veto; Auto. Withdrawal Provision; (4) Major Cases and Issues Prior to the Persian Gulf War: Vietnam and Mayaguez: Iran Hostage Rescue Attempt; El Salvador; Hondura; Lebanon; Grenada; Libya; Persian Gulf, 1987; Invasion of Panama; (5) Major Cases and Issues in the Post-Cold War World: U.N. Actions: Persian Gulf War, 1991; Iraq-Post Gulf War; Somalia; Former Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Kosovo; Haiti; Terrorist Attacks against the U.S., 2001: How Does the WPR Apply?; Use of Force Against Iraq Resolution 2002; (6) Proposed Amend.

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May 26, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona’s S.B. 1070 (ISBN: 9781437933203)

State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona’s S.B. 1070 (ISBN: 9781437933203)
By Michael John Garcia, Larry M. Eig and Yule Kim
(Paperback, 24 pages, 2009, $20)

On April 23, 2010, Arizona enacted S.B. 1070, which is designed to discourage and deter the entry or presence of aliens who lack lawful status under federal immigration law. It requires state and local law enforcement officials to facilitate the detection of unauthorized aliens in their daily activities. The enactment of S.B. 1070 has sparked significant legal and policy debate.

Contents: (1) Background; (2) Major Provisions of S.B. 1070; (3) Overview of Preemption: State Enforce. of Immigration Law; Criminalization of Immigration-Related Conduct; Criminalizing Hiring of Persons Picked on Roadways; Criminalizing Alien Smuggling; Criminalizing Violations of Federal Alien Registration. Require.; Criminalizing the Solicitation or Performance of Work by Unauthorized Aliens; (4) Racial Profiling Issues.

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May 24, 2010 at 6:00 am Leave a comment

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