Posts tagged ‘president’

Government Report: China Taiwan: Evolution of the One Child Policy

China/Taiwan: Evolution of the “One China” Policy — Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei

by Shirley A. Kan
Paperback, 81 pages, 2011, $25.00
ISBN: 1437988083

Despite apparently consistent statements in 4 decades, the U.S. “one China” policy concerning Taiwan remains somewhat ambiguous and subject to different interpretations. Apart from questions about what the “one China” policy entails, issues have arisen about whether U.S. Presidents have stated clear positions and have changed or should change policy, affecting U.S. interests in security and democracy.

Contents of this report: (1) U.S. Policy on “One China”: Has U.S. Policy Changed?; Overview of Policy Issues; (2) Highlights of Key Statements by Washington, Beijing, and Taipei: Statements During the Admin. of Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush, Clinton, and Obama. A print on demand report.

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July 25, 2011 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Declarations of War (DoW) and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force

Declarations of War (DoW) and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

by Jennifer K. Elsea, Richard F. Grimmett
Paperback, 107 pages, 2011, $35.00
ISBN: 1437983545

From the Washington Admin. to the present, Congress and the Pres. have enacted 11 separate formal DoW against foreign nations in five different wars. This report provides historical background on the enactment of DoW and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and U.S. domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. The report includes an extensive listing and summary of statutes that are triggered by a DoW, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. Also includes a summary of the congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a DoW or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution. This is a print on demand report.

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March 29, 2011 at 12:07 pm Leave a comment

New Government Report: Missed Opportunities, Shared Responsibilities: Final Report of the Cambridge Review Committee on the Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Incident (ISBN: 9781437935943)

Missed Opportunities, Shared Responsibilities: Final Report of the Cambridge Review Committee on the Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Incident (ISBN: 9781437935943)
By Chuck Wexler
(Paperback, 60 pages, 2010, $25.00)

On July 16, 2009, Sgt. James Crowley responded to a 911 call about a possible break-in in progress on Ware St. in Cambridge, MA. Crowley, a respected 11-year veteran of the Cambridge police force, arrived at the address, which he later would learn was the home of Harvard Prof. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., one of the most prominent African-American scholars in the U.S.

The situation deteriorated rapidly, according to both men. Within six minutes, Crowley had arrested Gates for disorderly conduct and placed him in handcuffs at his own home. How was this possible?

The Cambridge City Manager requested a study to be conducted to identify those lessons and help other cities avoid such incidents. This report, by the Cambridge Review Committee, is the result. Illustrations.

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July 14, 2010 at 7:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010 (ISBN: 9781437934274)

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010 (ISBN: 9781437934274)
By R. Sam Garrett & Denis Steven Rutkus (Paperback, 48 pages, 2010, $20)

In May, President Obama nominated Solicitor General Elena Kagan as the nation’s 112th justice, to succeed the retiring Justice John Paul Stevens. In the coming months, she will face the confirmation process.

This report’s contents: (1) Recent Activity: Activity During 2010, 2009, and 2005-2006: Recent Niminations: John Roberts, Harriet Miers, Samuel Alito; (2) Measuring the Pace of Supreme Court (SC) Appointments; (3) How SC Vacancies Occur: Death of a Sitting Justice (SJ): Retirement or Resignation of a SJ; Nomination of a SJ to Another Position; Controversial, Withdrawn, and Rejected Nominations; (4) Date of Actual or Prospective Vacancy; Announcement-of-Nominee Date: Use of Medians to Summarize Intervals; The Duration of the Nomination-and-Confirmation Process: Changes Since 1981; Factors Influencing the Speed of the Process: How the Vacancy Occurs; The Senate’s Schedule; Committee Involvement and Institutional Customs; Controversial Nominations.

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June 2, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes (ISBN: 9781437934106)

U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes (ISBN: 9781437934106)
By Marc Humphries, Robert Pirog, Gene Whitney
(Paperback, 29 pages, 2010, $20)

This past week has seen the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico worsen, despite attempts to plug the gushing oil well. Carol M. Browner, President Obama’s climate change and energy policy adviser, told ABC’s “Good Morning America” that she was concerned about the impact that the hurricane season could have on the continuing environmental crisis.

This report’s contents: (1) Introduction and Background; (2) Legislative Issues; (3) U.S. Oil and Gas Supply and Demand: U.S. Oil, and Natural Gas Markets; Econ. Effects; Greater OCS Access and Supply; (4) Oil and Gas Reserves and Resources in the OCS; Resource Estimates and Technological Change; OCS Resource Estimates; Resource Estimates by Planning Area, and by Water Depth; (5) OCS Leasing Process and Program; (6) OCS Revenues: Revenue Sharing or Not?; Royalty Revenue Estimates; Environmental Concerns Associated with Offshore Exploration and Development; Offshore Areas Currently Protected; General Environmental Regulations and Requirements for Offshore Exploration and Production; (7) Environmental Impact Statements: Oil Spills and Leaks; Seismic Surveys and Industrial Noise. Illustrations.

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May 31, 2010 at 6:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: War Powers Resolution: After 36 Years (ISBN: 9781437932932)

War Powers Resolution: After 36 Years (ISBN: 9781437932932)
By Richard F. Grimmett (Paperback, 77 pages, 2010, $25)

On April 30, 2010, Vietnam and the United States held different ceremonies marking the same milestone – the end of the Vietnam War, according to Suite101:

American foreign policy drastically changed because of the Vietnam War. Democrats and Republicans were no longer unified in supporting American foreign policy. In 1973 the Democratic majority in Congress passed the 1973 War Powers Resolution that prohibited the president from sending United States troops into combat for over 90 days before congressional consent.

This report discusses and assesses the War Powers Resolution (WPR) and its application. Contents: (1) Intro.; (2) Provisions of the WPR; (3) Constitutional Questions Raised: War Powers of Pres. and Congress; Legislative Veto; Auto. Withdrawal Provision; (4) Major Cases and Issues Prior to the Persian Gulf War: Vietnam and Mayaguez: Iran Hostage Rescue Attempt; El Salvador; Hondura; Lebanon; Grenada; Libya; Persian Gulf, 1987; Invasion of Panama; (5) Major Cases and Issues in the Post-Cold War World: U.N. Actions: Persian Gulf War, 1991; Iraq-Post Gulf War; Somalia; Former Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Kosovo; Haiti; Terrorist Attacks against the U.S., 2001: How Does the WPR Apply?; Use of Force Against Iraq Resolution 2002; (6) Proposed Amend.

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May 26, 2010 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona’s S.B. 1070 (ISBN: 9781437933203)

State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona’s S.B. 1070 (ISBN: 9781437933203)
By Michael John Garcia, Larry M. Eig and Yule Kim
(Paperback, 24 pages, 2009, $20)

On April 23, 2010, Arizona enacted S.B. 1070, which is designed to discourage and deter the entry or presence of aliens who lack lawful status under federal immigration law. It requires state and local law enforcement officials to facilitate the detection of unauthorized aliens in their daily activities. The enactment of S.B. 1070 has sparked significant legal and policy debate.

Contents: (1) Background; (2) Major Provisions of S.B. 1070; (3) Overview of Preemption: State Enforce. of Immigration Law; Criminalization of Immigration-Related Conduct; Criminalizing Hiring of Persons Picked on Roadways; Criminalizing Alien Smuggling; Criminalizing Violations of Federal Alien Registration. Require.; Criminalizing the Solicitation or Performance of Work by Unauthorized Aliens; (4) Racial Profiling Issues.

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May 24, 2010 at 6:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Report: Long Passage to Korea: Black Sailors and the Integration of the US Navy

Long Passage to Korea: Black Sailors and the Integration of the US Navy
by Bernard C. Nalty
Paperback, 48 pages, 2003, $20.00
ISBN: 9781437936704

Long Passage to Korea Cover

This monograph in the Naval Historical Center’s series commemorating the Korean War, not only covers the contribution of African American Sailors in that conflict but traces the story of racial integration in the U.S. Navy since the American Revolution.

Truman's Executive Order 9981

Truman's Executive Order 9981

Read more on President Harry Truman’s Executive Order 9981, which eliminated segregation in the military (click to enlarge):

Author Bernard Nalty is a renowned authority on racial integration of the armed services.

Chapters: Introduction; The Early Republic; Filling the Ranks; From Slavery to Jim Crow; World War II Experience; Into the Cold War; and Impact of the Korean War. Sidebars: The Impressment of Black Sailors; Robert A. Smalls; The March on Washington; African Americans in the U.S. Coast Guard; President Truman’s Executive Order 9981; and Black Sports Heroes of the Korean War. Full-color illustrations.

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May 1, 2010 at 10:00 am Leave a comment

New Government Reports: Compulsory DNA Collection, Deforestation and Climate Change, Exon-Florio National Security Trust, Military and Civilian Pay Comparisons, Supreme Court Appointment Process

New government reports this week:

1) Compulsory DNA Collection: A Fourth Amendment Analysis
by Anna C. Henning (Paperback, 15 pages, $10)

Relying on different legal standards, courts have historically upheld laws authorizing law enforcement’s compulsory collection of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as reasonable under the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. However, prior cases reviewed the extraction of DNA samples from people who had been convicted on criminal charges. New state and federal laws authorize the collection of such samples from people who have been arrested or detained but
not convicted.

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2) Deforestation and Climate Change
by Ross W. Gorte and Pervaze A. Sheikh (Paperback, 41 pages, $20)

Contents: (I) Congressional Interest; (II) Forests and Climate, Forest Cover, Linkages Between Forests and Climate, Soil Impacts, Wood Utilization/Wood Waste, Burning (III) Boreal Forests (IV) Temperate Forests (V) Tropical Forests in Latin America, including Amazonia; Tropical Africa; Southeast Asia; Climate Consequences of Tropical Deforestation; (VI) Reducing Deforestation: Tree Planting, Market Solutions; Forest Carbon Markets; Markets for Ecosystem Services and Non-Timber Forest Products; Certified Sustainable Forestry; Governance Issues; (VII) Forest and Deforestation Data Issues. Figures and tables.

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3) Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment
by James K. Jackson (Paperback, 20 pages, $15)

The Exon-Florio provision grants the President the authority to block proposed or pending foreign acquisitions of “persons engaged in interstate commerce in the U.S.” that threaten to impair the national security.

This provision came under intense scrutiny with the
proposed acquisitions in 2006 of major operations in 6 major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC).

The debate that followed reignited long-standing differences among Members of Congress and between the Congress and the administration over the role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security.

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4) Military Personnel: Military and Civilian Pay Comparisons Present Challenges and Are One of Many Tools in Assessing Compensation
by Brenda S. Farrell (Paperback, 54 pages, $20)

The Department of Defense’s (DOD) military compensation package, which is myriad pays and benefits, is an important tool to attract and retain the number and quality of active duty servicemembers it needs to fulfill its mission. Compensation can be appropriate and adequate to attract and retain servicemembers when it is competitive with civilian
compensation. However, comparisons between military and civilian compensation present both limitations and challenges.

This study compared pay and benefits provided by law to members of the Armed Forces with that of comparably situated private-sector employees to assess how the differences in pay and benefits affect recruiting and retention of members of the Armed Forces. Tables and figures.

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5) Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate
by Denis Stevens Rutkus (Paperback, 60 pages, $25)

Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens recently announced that he will be retiring. How will President Obama select a new Justice? Read more in this report.

Contents: (I) Background; (II) President’s Selection of a Nominee (III) Consideration by the Senate Judiciary Committee: Historical Background (IV) Senate Debate and Confirmation Vote; Bringing the Nomination to the Floor; Criteria Used to Evaluate Nominees; Filibusters and Motions to End Debate; Voice Votes, Roll Calls, and Vote Margins; Reconsideration of the Confirmation Vote; Nominations That Failed to Be Confirmed; Calling Upon the Judiciary Committee to Further Examine the Nomination; After Senate Confirmation; (V) Conclusion; (VI) Additional Sources. Tables.

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April 9, 2010 at 12:15 am Leave a comment

Weekly Book Special: Boy Who Looked Like Lincoln, by Mike Reiss and David Catrow

February 15th-21st Weekly Book Special

To commemorate President’s Day, we are offering a wonderful children’s book about a boy who bore a close resemblance to our 16th President. This week’s special is:

The Boy Who Looked Like Lincoln
Written by Mike Reiss, Illustrated by David Catrow
(Hardcover, 29 pages, 2003, $11.00)

Boy Who Looked Like LincolnLife isn’t easy for Benjy. He looks just like Abraham Lincoln — right down to the wart and beard. He receives stovepipe hats for every birthday and has to play Lincoln in every school play — whether he’s part of the story or not. The teasing never stops.

But then he spends a summer at Camp What-cha-ma-call-it — for Kids Who Look Like Things! There, among kids who look like frogs, toasters and even the backside of a horse, Benjy learns some important lessons about himself — and the things that truly make a person special.

My favorite scene is when Benjy has to play Lincoln in every school play:
Boy Who Looked Like Lincoln

Author Mike Reiss, who writes for The Simpsons and illustrator David Catrow have created a wonderfully hysterical fable that will resonate with anyone who has ever felt a little different.

This book is a staff favorite at President Lincoln’s Cottage in Washington D.C. Venus Musgrove, a grad student in Writing for Children and Young Adults at Hamline University, recently named David Catrow her “Illustrator of the Week.”

Educator Kim Taylor writes on her blog: “This would be a great book to read aloud. The pictures are very colorful and full of lots of detail. This would be a great way to teach students a lesson about being proud of who they are and knowing what makes them special.”

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February 15, 2010 at 9:58 am 1 comment


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